CLIMATE CHANGE

Efforts from the world's largest economies are urgent to mitigate climate change

The world needs more commitment for carbon emissions reduction to become a reality, but this remains a sensitive issue for the G20 countries. Brazil presents solutions focused on the automotive sector to encourage the achievement of UN and Paris Agreement goals

01/10/2024 12:05 PM - Modified 3 months ago
A vehicle used for deliveries by SEDEX (Brazil's National Express Delivery Service): 100% electric and zero emissions | Photo: Marcelo Camargo / Agência Brasil
A vehicle used for deliveries by SEDEX (Brazil's National Express Delivery Service): 100% electric and zero emissions | Photo: Marcelo Camargo / Agência Brasil

Greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) from G20 member countries increased by 1.2% in 2022, according to the United Nations Environment Programme's Emissions Gap Report, released during the United Nations Climate Conference, COP 28, in Dubai. The study reveals global patterns of inequalities in emissions and calls for greater efforts from the world's largest economies to mitigate the rise in temperature and its effects on life on Earth.

Brazil is among the member countries that significantly reduced carbon emissions in 2022, alongside European Union countries and Russia, according to the same UNEP study. The Brazilian government is already implementing public policies to reduce carbon emissions, mitigate the impact of climate change, and decrease dependence on fossil fuels.

The pioneering National Green Mobility and Innovation Program (Mover) is the country's contribution to decarbonization in the automotive industry sector. It establishes requirements for vehicles to be more fuel-efficient and less polluting, as well as measuring carbon emissions throughout the manufacturing process, considering the energy source cycle used.

"Mover will assist Brazil in fulfilling its commitments to global decarbonization and addressing climate change. It aligns with our project of innovative, sustainable, and export-oriented neo-industrialization, along with other significant government measures towards a greener economy," emphasized Geraldo Alckmin, the Minister of Development, Industry, Trade, and Services, and Vice President of Brazil.

Another initiative is the development of a vehicle connectivity system focused on reducing carbon emissions in road transport. Descarbonizar.ai, from the National Institute of Metrology, Quality, and Technology (Inmetro) under the Ministry of Finance, invests in projects from Science and Technology institutions in the country to generate solutions that assist drivers, automakers, and corporations in adopting environmentally responsible measures and transitioning to a vehicle fleet with higher energy efficiency and lower gas emissions.

Efforts against climate change

G20 countries are responsible for 76% of the world's greenhouse gas emissions (GHG), and they need to adopt more ambitious measures to achieve climate goals, as indicated in the UN study. Additionally, the study suggests providing technical and financial support to developing countries.

During the Indian presidency, the Energy Working Group sherpas failed to reach an agreement on the progressive reduction of fossil fuel usage and the increase in renewable energy generation by 2030. Acknowledging the group's impasses, the urgency to address the climate crisis, and the need for a global energy transition, the Brazilian presidency of the forum is propelling the Task Force for Global Mobilization against Climate Change. This initiative aims to foster high-level dialogues among forum member countries to implement the objectives of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Paris Agreement.

"We must urgently confront the climate crisis with determination. This confrontation will not succeed without financial compensation from wealthy countries that, throughout history, have devastated the environment in the name of progress at any cost. The planet urgently needs an energy transition," advocates Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva.

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Task Force for the Global Mobilization against Climate Change (GMCC)

November 30, 2023
The Task Force for the Global Mobilization against Climate Change will promote a high-level dialogue among governments, financial institutions, and international organisms to enhance global macroeconomic and financial alignment to implement the goals of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Paris Agreement.
More infoaboutTask Force for the Global Mobilization against Climate Change (GMCC)