Brasília - DF

Basic Information

  • Population: 2,817,381 people
  • GDP per capita: R$ 92,732.27
  • Human Development Index (IDHM): 0.824
  • Source: IBGE

Brasília is the capital of Brazil, serving as the seat of the government for the Federal District and the Federal Government. It is located in the Central-West region of the country. Those born in Brasília are called "Brasilienses." The capital of Brazil is an architectural masterpiece designed by Oscar Niemeyer and Lúcio Costa. Inaugurated on April 21, 1960, its landscape is marked by iconic monuments such as the Metropolitan Cathedral and the National Congress. The city, with its airplane-shaped structure, symbolizes modernity and a futuristic vision. Brasília is the political center of Brazil, considered a UNESCO World Heritage site, and its construction project remains a reference in urban planning. The federal capital will host technical meetings of the G20 in Brazil in 2024.


Brasília covers a territorial area of 5,760.784 km². The capital of Brazil is more than just a city; it is considered an urbanistic masterpiece expressing the futuristic vision of its architects. The construction of Brasília was a milestone in urban planning history, representing the boldness and modernity of a growing nation. The federal capital consists of 35 administrative regions. Unlike other states in the country, Brasília is not divided into cities and neighborhoods, and therefore, there are no city councils.

The National Congress building was designed by Oscar Niemeyer with structural design by engineer Joaquim Cardozo, and follows the style of modern Brazilian architecture. (Photo: Roberto Castro/MTur)
The National Congress building was designed by Oscar Niemeyer with structural design by engineer Joaquim Cardozo, and follows the style of modern Brazilian architecture. (Photo: Roberto Castro/MTur)

Its airplane-shaped design, with iconic monuments and expansive spaces, is a unique expression of architecture and urban planning conceived by Oscar Niemeyer and Lúcio Costa, commissioned by the then-president of Brazil, Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira, also known by his initials JK. The workers who built it became known as "Candangos."

The city was designed to be an organized and functional metropolis. The "wings" of the "airplane," representing the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial powers, house the most important government buildings. With all the functionalities of a major metropolis, the capital brings together diplomatic representations from over 133 countries.

The Eixo Monumental [Monumental Axis] is a majestic avenue connecting these power points, featuring iconic monuments such as the National Congress, with its two elegant towers, and the Metropolitan Cathedral, a futuristic structure.

In addition to its remarkable architecture, Brasília boasts unique natural beauty. The Paranoá Lake, a vast artificially created body of water, provides a serene backdrop for water activities and leisure moments in the shade of trees. The City Park, a vast green area, offers a retreat for locals and visitors, with walking trails, picnic spaces, and a serene atmosphere surrounded by nature.

Tourist attractions in Brasília are diverse and reflect the cultural and historical richness of Brazil. The JK Memorial honors Juscelino Kubitschek, the visionary president responsible for the city's construction. The National Museum houses exhibitions narrating the country's history, while the Republic Museum reveals significant moments in Brazilian history. The Planalto Palace, the Alvorada Palace, and the Itamaraty Palace bear witness to the political life of Brazil.

Brasília's cuisine is a fusion of flavors and spices from all regions of the country. In Brasília, you can find delicious traditional dishes from Minas Gerais as well as northeastern delicacies. The Feira da Torre is a popular spot to explore local gastronomic diversity, with stalls offering everything from acarajé to tapioca.

Brasília has a tropical climate, with temperatures ranging from 13 °C to 28 °C throughout the year - an average of the last 30 years. The period with the most rainfall is from October to early May. Between May and September, the dry season brings hot days with low humidity. Blue skies and sunny days prevail for much of the year, contributing to a pleasant and inviting climate.

Brasília is a city that transcends its administrative function, standing out as a unique synthesis of innovative architecture, natural beauty, diverse tourist attractions, rich cuisine, captivating climate, and a great diversity of cultures and accents. A destination not only celebrates Brazil's past and present but also points to the future with an extraordinary vision.


President Juscelino Kubitschek International Airport is one of the main air terminals in Brazil, playing a fundamental role in the country's connectivity. Located about 11 km from the city center, the airport operates efficiently to meet the demands of domestic and international passengers. The airport serves as a crucial air hub, and its well-planned structure contributes to the quality of the journey for passengers arriving and departing from this important Brazilian city.


Government of the Federal District