BALI, AUGUST 31, 2022
- The 3rd meeting of the Environment Deputies Meeting and Climate Sustainability Working Group (the 3rd G20 EDM-CSWG) took place in Bali on 29th – 30th August 2022. The meeting was conducted in a hybrid manner (offline and online) and was attended by 211 delegates from G20 member countries, invited countries, and International Organizations. This meeting was expected to increase efforts to manage the environment and control global climate change.
- The EDM-CSWG meeting was chaired by Laksmi Dhewanthi (Director General of Climate Change Control) and Sigit Reliantoro (Director General of Pollution and Environmental Damage Control) as vice-chair and supported by an assistance team led by Ambassador Makarim Wibisono.
- During Indonesian G20 Presidency, the EDM-CSWG focused on three priority issues discussed in every meeting. The three priority issues are: (1) supporting more sustainable recovery; (2) enhancing land-and sea-based actions to support environmental protection and climate objectives; and (3) increased mobilization of resources to support environmental protection and climate change control objectives (enhancing resource mobilization to support environmental protection and climate objectives).
- The third EDM-CSWG is a series of previous EDM-CSWG meetings that intensively discussed the three priority issues mentioned above to produce a joint output document with G20 member countries. During the process, the discussion of the commitments was quite challenging due to various views and implications for the interests of each member state.
- During the past two EDM-CSWG meetings in Yogyakarta and Jakarta, all delegates have discussed various priority issues to achieve the same vision and goals. The intersession meetings have been held 9 (nine) times between the second and third meetings. After negotiating for two days and two nights, until the early morning hours, a mutual agreement was decided, which was adopted at the Ministerial level.
- The main agreement on the environmental issues (EDMs) discussed on August 30, 2022 includes:
- Reducing the impact of land degradation and drought
- Enhancing the sustainable protection, conservation, and restoration of land and forest ecosystems to reduce the impacts of climate change and biodiversity loss and land destruction;
- Increasing cooperation with various parties, capacity building, sharing experiences/learning, and making multilateral policies/agreements based on nature and ecosystem-based; and
- Reducing pollution and environmental damage, waste management, sustainable water resource management, marine debris control, and marine conservation.
- Water is an important issue in the agreement, including sustainable water management in an integrated manner. The impact of the drought in various parts of the world is a concern for G20 countries, so supporting technology and diverse expertise could be exchanged between member countries. Another important discussion includes enhancing awareness and active participation of the community in each country to change lifestyles and cultures into more environmentally friendly ones. One of them is implementing plastic waste reduction, resource efficiency, and a circular economy to achieve sustainable production and consumption.
- The issue of environmental funding will be enhanced to protect, preserve and restore ecosystems in a sustainable manner. This environmental funding is expected to cooperate with various parties, the private sector, government, and society which is of concern to G20 countries.
- From the controlling climate change aspect, there have been several understandings of several issues so far:
- strengthening climate action,
- improving the role of Covid-19 recovery budgeting to enhance climate mitigation and adaptation,
- Enhancing commitment to preventing loss and damage caused by climate change,
- Continuing the Glasgow Dialogue towards operationalization of the Santiago Network,
- Improving research to strengthen understanding of the relationship between climate and oceans,
- Strengthening local and regional initiatives that contribute to the reduction and sequestration of greenhouse gas emissions and adaptation,
- Enhancing the involvement of vulnerable groups in the development and implementation of ocean-based climate policies,
- Strengthening engagement in marine and climate change dialogues at the UNFCCC and other relevant forums to enhance resilience and adaptation to climate change.
- The joint meeting, the ministers for environment and climate, the G-20 member countries, or the Joint Environment and Climate Ministers’ Meeting (JECMM) have been successfully held today. The JECMM meeting was attended by 362 delegates. A total of 330 delegates attended offline, and 32 delegates were online. This meeting was attended by 17 Ministerial-level, 11 Deputy Ministers, and 1 International Organization Chairman.
- Earlier in the opening session, as the Chair of this meeting, I welcomed and appreciated the presence of Ministers for Environment and Climate of G-20 member countries, as well as invited countries and international organizations. The presence of Ministers of Environment and Climate today in Indonesia reflects their support for Indonesia’s G20 Presidency, as well as their friendship with the Indonesian people.
- In this JECMM meeting and discussion, we should be grateful for producing joint actions and commitments to moving forward for higher-level efforts in addressing existing problems, especially in the field of environment and controlling the impacts of global climate change.
- In the meeting earlier, I reiterated that it is our duty to make every effort to reap tangible results toward the global recovery. It focused on issues to achieve environmental goals toward sustainable recovery, as well as discussing the improvement and mobilization of efforts towards climate sustainability.
- On this occasion, I also shared some thoughts and perspectives to frame the discussion. I convey unequivocally that global environmental problems require global solutions. There is not a single country that is not adversely affected in one way or another, and we cannot solve this global environmental problem alone. Therefore, we are all responsible for keeping multilateral forums such as the G7, G20, UNFCCC, and others running.
- Such Multilateral Forums, particularly in the environmental sphere, are the only mechanism by which all countries, regardless of their size and wealth, stand on an equal base and treatment. The voices of all countries, north and south, developed and developing, must be considered. Multilateral forums are also the only way to effectively coordinate efforts in addressing global challenges.
- Again, it is also our responsibility to be part of the solution. We build bridges, not walls, and promote common interests, not individual ones.
Bilateral Meetings Between Indonesia and Partner Countries
- On August 30, 2022, bilateral meetings were held between Indonesia, in this case, the Minister of Environment and Forestry with several Ministers from partner countries:
- Meeting with Michael S. Regan, Administrator of the US Environmental Protection Agency. USA expressed their appreciation and support for Indonesia as the G20 Presidency. Environmental cooperation between the two countries has a long history in the environmental field, including air quality, hazardous waste, and law enforcement. It is expected that cooperation can continue in the exchange of expertise, technology, and innovation. Minister Reagan recognizes that the FOLU Net Sink 2030 program is the MoEF’s policy on climate change.
- Meeting with Bettina Hoffmann, Parliamentary State Secretary of BMUV of Germany. Germany expressed their gratitude for the invitation and support to Indonesia as the G20 Presidency. Germany is grateful for the long-standing cooperation on many projects, particularly in the areas of climate and biodiversity protection, forest and peatland protection and rehabilitation, and combating marine plastic debris. Germany also expressed their interest in further exchange and support.
- Meeting with Vivianne Heijnen, Minister for the Environment of Netherlands. Minister Vivianne expressed her gratitude for the invitation from Indonesia as the G20 Presidency. She also expressed that the Netherlands and Indonesia have worked very closely for a very long period, not only in the field of water resources and maritime, but also on waste and the circular economy. In addition, Minister Vivianne also conveyed the desire to accelerate joint efforts to implement the MOU on waste management, circular economy and water quality that the two parties have signed.
- Meeting with Terry Durguid, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Environment and Climate Change of Canada. Canada appreciated Indonesia’s commitment to COP 26, especially maintaining a temperature rise of no more than 1.5 degrees. Canada also welcomed Indonesia’s plan to raise NDC ambitions. Regarding climate finance, it was conveyed that Canada and Germany have worked together to build a climate finance delivery plan, which is targeted to reach 100 billion USD by 2023.
- Meeting with the Vice Minister of Ecology and Environment of the People’s Republic of China, H.E. Zhao Yingmin. Vice Minister Zhao expects Indonesia’s support for the PRC as the Presidency of the Conference of Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity (COP 15 CBD). The COP 15 CBD session two will be held in Montreal Canada in December 2022, focusing on negotiating the Post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework (Post-2020 GBF). For Indonesia, Post GBF 2020 will determine how we live and survive, therefore, it must ensure that global targets are not just rhetorical claims but concrete actions that countries are proud of to report on their achievements.
- The meeting with the Minister of the Environment of Japan, H.E. Nishimura Akihiro which was attended by the Vice Minister of Energy, Trade and Industry, Deputy Minister of Environment and Forestry, The Indonesian Ambassador to Japan and other officials. On this occasion, a Memorandum of Cooperation (MoC) was signed regarding environmental cooperation between the Ministry of Environment and Forestry of the Republic of Indonesia and the Ministry of Environment of Japan. Both Ministers hope that the MoC can be followed up with concrete cooperation through joint projects and to be discussed at the technical level. Japan wants to enhance existing cooperation, such as marine debris management and climate change, especially by implementing Article 6 of the Paris Agreement. Regarding the market mechanism, Indonesia stated that it already has a Presidential Regulation on the Economic Value of Carbon which covers the result-based payment, the carbon offset and the carbon tax, which still needs to be elaborated further. Japan expressed their appreciation and support for the G20 Presidency. As the G20 Presidency, Indonesia places its position on bridging aspirations from fellow developing countries to developed countries.
- Meeting The Rt Hon Alok Sharma MP, UK President of COP26 UNFCCC. The UK expressed their gratitude for co-chairing the FACT Dialogue, which shows Indonesia’s great commitment. The British government is interested in hearing about plans to increase Indonesia’s NDC ambitions. Indonesia also stated that several corrective actions had been carried and formulated into FOLU Net Sink 2030 which are expected to support the increased of NDC target.