The G20 Agriculture Deputies Group was created during the French Presidency in 2011 to deal with volatility in global food prices. It has since become an important forum to enhance cooperation among the G20 members on agriculture related issues critical for achieving UN 2030 agenda, especially the goal of zero hunger (SDG 2). The working group facilitates information exchange and cooperation on a range of global issues such as food security, nutrition, antimicrobial resistance, food waste and loss, sustainability, and resilient and inclusive food value chains.
The G20 Anti-Corruption Working Group (ACWG) was established in 2010. The Anti-Corruption Working Group reports to the G20 Leaders on anti-corruption issues and aims to establish minimum common standards among the legal systems of the G20 countries, in order to combat corruption. It focuses on public and private sector integrity and transparency, bribery, international cooperation, asset recovery, beneficial ownership transparency, vulnerable sectors and capacity-building.
The G20 Culture Ministers met for the first time in 2020 and highlighted culture’s cross-cutting contribution to advancing G20 agenda. Recognizing the synergies between culture and other policy areas, and considering the impact of culture, cultural heritage and the creative economy on the economic, social and environmental dimensions of development, culture was integrated into the G20 agenda as a Culture Working Group in 2021. The group aims to strengthen international cooperation and collaboration to support cultural and creative industries.
The Digital Economy Working Group, established in 2021, offers inspiration and broad guidance to policy makers on harnessing the digital potential of economies. The Working Group aims at digital transformation to enhance public participation and realize inclusive social and economic growth.
Disaster Risk Reduction
G20 countries have a high level of exposure to disaster risk, with a combined estimated Annual Average Loss of $218 billion or 9% of their average annual investment in infrastructure. G20 Leaders’ declarations have from time to time acknowledged the importance of disaster risk reduction and resilience. However, the issue has not been addressed by the G20 in a comprehensive and sustained manner. A new working group on Disaster Risk Reduction has therefore been established under India's Presidency to encourage collective work by the G20, undertake multi-disciplinary research and exchange best practices on disaster risk reduction.
Development Working Group (DWG) has been acting as the custodian of G20 ‘development agenda’ since its inception in 2010. After the adoption of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its Goals in 2015, DWG has played an important role in supporting Sherpas in both driving the G20 Sustainable Development agenda and in working with other workstreams to better understand the sustainable development intersections of G20 actions with efforts to achieve the 2030 Agenda.
The Education Working Group (EdWG) was established in 2018 during Argentina’s Presidency. EdWG focuses on strengthening learning outcomes and equitable access through technological tools, digitalization, universal quality education, financing, partnerships for education and international cooperation. EdWG also collaborates with Employment and other WGs to address cross cutting issues like skill development and school-to-work transition.
Environment and Climate Sustainability
The Climate Sustainability Working Group (CSWG) was established during the Argentine Presidency in 2018, while the Environment Deputies Meeting (EDM) started in 2019 under Japan’s Presidency. EDM and CSWG focus on environment and climate issues which include inter alia resource efficiency, circular economy, ocean health, marine litter, coral reefs, land degradation, biodiversity loss, water resource management, and ways to mitigate and adapt to climate change.
Energy has been discussed in the G20 as a critical element for sustainable global economy since 2009. A dedicated Energy Sustainability Working Group was established in 2013 to discuss energy related issues. In 2017, energy was discussed as part of the Climate Sustainability Working Group. During the Argentine Presidency in 2018, the energy issues were de-linked from climate and steered towards discussions on energy transition under the Energy Transition Working Group. The Working Group deliberates on energy security, accessibility and affordability, energy efficiency, renewable energy, innovation, technology and financing.
The Health Working Group was established under the German Presidency in 2017 to enhance dialogue and inform the G20 Leaders on important global health issues. The group works towards creating sustainable well-being societies committed to achieving equitable health for the present and future generations. Issues concerning preparedness of health systems for health emergencies, One Health approach, Digital Health, Universal Health Coverage, Compliance with International Health Regulations, Sustainable Financing, etc. are discussed.
Trade and Investment
The Trade and Investment Working Group (TIWG) was established in 2016. It focuses on subjects including strengthening the G20 trade and investment mechanism, promoting global trade growth, supporting the multilateral trading system, promoting global investment policy cooperation and coordination, and promoting inclusive and coordinated global value chains.
Since its inception in 2020, the Tourism Working Group has brought together the member countries and relevant stakeholders to discuss, deliberate and guide the course of action for further development of local and global tourism, as also mitigating common challenges faced by the sector including the COVID-19 pandemic. Given the sector’s key role in global economy and its progress towards achieving Agenda 2030, making tourism more sustainable and boosting its resilience has been the Working Group’s primary focus in recent times.