Embraced by the Pilcomayo and Bermejo Rivers, Formosa is home to the third-largest wetlands on the continent, the Bañado La Estrella, which spans over 400,000 hectares. Much of the territory is protected and is home to 550 species of birds, roughly half of the total species in the country.
Cotton and soy are the prime agricultural commodities produced by the province. The province has enormous potential in cattle farming, with enough arable land to accommodate up to 5 million animals. Formosa is currently undergoing an economic diversification programme, building key sectors to promote tourism in combination with its agribusiness development.
- Population: 527,895
- Area: 72,066 km²
- Capital: Formosa
- Top export: Hardwood tree extract
Formosa has a rich indigenous and European settler history, Franciscan missions rubbing shoulders with a number of indigenous communities that live and work the land. San Francisco Solano de Tacaaglé and San Francisco de Laishí are two of the better known missions, both honouring the names of the original indigenous chiefs of the region.
The top regional cuisine includes the freshwater fish from the province’s many rivers, local buffalo and caiman meat, and various tropical fruits such as guayaba, passionfruit and pomegranate.
Pilcomayo River National Park spans 51,000 hectares and includes two different species of caiman, yellow anaconda, black howler monkeys, capybaras, pumas and tapirs.