SAI20 Becomes Indonesia’s G20 Presidency Legacy, Vice President Says

Nusa Dua, Monday (29 August 2022) – Vice President Ma’ruf Amin praised the Audit Board of the Republic of Indonesia’s (BPK RI) initiative to establish Supreme Audit Institutions 20 (SAI20) during the country’s G20 Presidency. The SAI20 formation will become one of Indonesia’s G20 Presidency legacies. “I believe the SAI20 establishment will provide added value to the global community by building a more resilient governance and encouraging a more effective collaboration between SAI, governments, and other stakeholders,” said Ma’ruf Amin at the SAI20 Summit opening.

Before the leaders of BPK and 12 audit agencies from G20 member countries, Ma’ruf Amin highlighted that the governments needed their support to oversee national economic recovery so that Indonesia’s G20 Presidency priorities, namely global health architecture, energy transition, and digital transformation, are in line with the governance principles.

The government hoped that SAI20 could provide an independent audit perspective to help the government to formulate economic recovery policies, to achieve SDGs targets, and to prepare for future crises.

BPK Chair Isma Yatun admitted that the presence of the Vice President of the Republic of Indonesia at the SAI20 Summit is an honor for SAI20 and shows a real collaboration in overseeing the accountability ecosystem in more transparent and accountable governance. “SAI20 seeks effective collaboration among audit bodies and governments within the G20 community to ensure the implementation of SAI’s commitments, roles, and recommendations,” said Isma Yatun.

The SAI20 Summit which took place in Nusa Dua, Bali on August 29—30 will ratify the Rules of Procedures (RoP) and SAI20 communique agreement and discuss global and national issues on health architecture, energy transition, and digital transformation.

JAKARTA IS READY TO HOST URBAN 20 MAYORS SUMMIT, DISCUSSING POST-PANDEMIC CITIES ISSUES AND CHALLENGES

JAKARTA , August 27th, 2022 – Jakarta is going to host the Urban 20 (U20) Mayors Summit. The Summit will be organized in Fairmont Hotel, Central Jakarta, on 30-31 August 2022. The U20 Mayors Summit became the culmination of Jakarta’s leadership at this year’s U20 Cycle. This Summit will provide an opportunity for U20 city leaders to gather, strengthen collaboration and submit recommendations – in the form of a Communique – to the Indonesian government as an input for the G20 Leaders Summit, which will take place in Bali on November 15-16, 2022.

Through the U20, cities representing G20 member countries are committed to work with national governments to address the most pressing challenges facing the world, including recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic, the climate emergency, and increasing structural inequality. This year, U20 will focus on the issues and challenges faced by cities due to the COVID-19 pandemic. So the theme of the cycle is “Post-Pandemic City”.

The Governor of DKI Jakarta, Anies Rasyid Baswedan, will lead the fifth U20 cycle and he invites all city leaders to work together in three main areas, namely (1) Health Investment and Public Housing as the Foundation of Economic Recovery and Social for All; (2) Encouraging a Sustainable Energy Transition and Equitable Access for Sustainable Mobility; (3) Providing Education and Training on the Future of Employment for Equitable Access to the Job Market for All.

Governor Baswedan stated the importance of events like this to exchange thoughts, ideas, and ideas to better deal with increasingly complex global challenges. “The world is urbanizing and the cities have an important role as the front line to overcome the various challenges faced by the inhabitants,” said the Governor.

To support the U20 Mayors Summit, a Jakarta City Tour will also be held on 29 August, 2022. Participants will depart from the Fairmont Hotel to Senayan MRT Station, CSW Bus Stop, Kendal Pedestrian Tunnel, and enjoy the sunset on the Phinisi Vessel, which is one of the cultural heritages from Indonesia.

In addition, three side events will be held in parallel on August 30, 2022, at 09.00-11.30 at the Fairmont Hotel Jakarta and the National Library as follows:

  • “International Symposium on Catalyzing Economic Recovery through Urban Regeneration”, organized in collaboration with the World Bank.
  • “High Level Talk-show: Service innovation in GBV prevention and response as part of inclusive social recoveries in DKI Jakarta”, organized in collaboration with the United Nations Development Program (UNDP).
  • “Digital Governance in Accelerating Sustainable Development and Climate Resiliency”, organized in collaboration with the Smart Change Project & UCLG ASPAC.
  • “Urban Infrastructure for Circular Economy and a Just Transition”, co-organized with the Global Solutions Initiative
  • “Enabling Cities, Caring Cities”, organized by The International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA).

Meanwhile, the main event will have two Plenary Discussions attended by city leaders. The first plenary discussion will discuss “Riding the waves of disruption towards a people-driven future: Fortifying cities’ human capital for the post-pandemic age”. And the second plenary session which will be attended by the Governor of DKI Jakarta, Anies Rasyid Baswedan, to discuss “Cities for all, cities for the future: Achieving inclusive and sustainable housing, mobility, and energy in urban areas”.

On the second day, the U20 Communique Handover Ceremony will be held by the U20 Co-chairs of the Governor of DKI Jakarta Anies Rasyid Baswedan and the Governor of West Java, Ridwan Kamil, to the G20 Presidency.

The U20 Mayors Summit will be attended by 12 city delegates namely Los Angeles (Mayor), Rotterdam (Mayor), Tokyo (Governor), Tshwane (Mayor), Mumbai (City Commissioner and Administration), Sydney (Vice Mayor), Berlin (Permanent Secretary Active Citizenship, Support for Democracy and International Relations), São Paulo (Deputy Secretary of International Relations), Madrid (Vice Director of International Relations), Moscow (Vice Head of Department of External Economics and International Relations), Buenos Aires (Manager of International Relations), Istanbul (Head of IMM Department of Foreign Relations).

There were also 10 participating city delegates who attended virtually, namely Amsterdam (Sherpa), Istanbul (Mayor), Izmir (Sherpa), Johannesburg (Sherpa), Lisboa (Mayor), Milan (Mayor), Moscow (Sherpa), New York City (Commissioner for Strategic Policies & Initiatives), Osaka (Sherpa) Rome (Mayor).

Meanwhile, for the observer cities, 15 delegates will be physically present, namely Lima (Vice Mayor), Quito (Quito City Council), West Java (Mayor), Banjarmasin (Mayor), Balikpapan (Mayor), Makassar (Mayor), Medan (Mayor), Padang (Mayor), Palembang (Mayor), Palu (Mayor), Surakarta (Mayor), Ambon (Pj Mayor), Yogyakarta (Pj Mayor), Surabaya (Vice Mayor), Jambi (Head of Tourism and Creative Office ). There were also 2 observer city delegates who attended virtually, namely Glasgow (City Council Leader) and Skopje (Mayor).

About Urban 20

Urban 20 (U20) serves as one of G20 Engagement Groups. It provides a platform for major cities in G20 countries to connect and discuss important topics to be brought to the G20 presidency. It brings together mayors from G20 cities under a common framework and coordinates a joint position to inform the discussions of national leaders. Contributions from the U20 are shared with the G20 Presidency and Heads of State, enhancing the role of cities as global economic and political leaders.

U20 is a city diplomacy initiative launched on December 12, 2017 at the One Planet Summit in Paris under the leadership of Mayor Larreta of Buenos Aires and Mayor Hidalgo of Paris. It aims to facilitate lasting engagement between the G20 and cities, raise the profile of urban issues in the G20 agenda, and establish a forum for cities to develop a collective message and perspective to inform G20 negotiations. The U20 is convened by C40 Cities (C40) and United Cities and Local Governments (UCLG) under the leadership of a Chair city that rotates annually, based in the G20 host country.

G20 MCWE Closes, Delegates Agree to Join Hands to Support Gender Equality and Women Empowerment

Bali (25/08) – The G20 Ministerial Meeting on Women’s Empowerment (MCWE), which was convened since August 24, 2022, has been closed today.

The G20 MCWE discussed three main issues on gender and women empowerment post-Covid-19, namely (1) Economic Aspects of Post-Covid-19 Care: Missed Opportunities in the Labor Market; (2) Closing the Digital Gender Gap: Women’s Participation in the Digital Economy and Future Work; and (3) Women’s Entrepreneurship: Accelerating Equality and Accelerating Recovery.

“Strong commitment from stakeholders, including countries and international organizations is the key to achieve gender equality and empowering women. I am hopeful that even though this conference has closed, our collaboration can be continued further for global goals,” said Minister of Women Empowerment and Child Protection (MoWECP) Bintang Puspayoga during her Closing Remarks session at the G20 MCWE in Bali.

Delegates attended the Conference have expressed great appreciation to the Government of Indonesia for its firm commitment to keep up the gender mainstreaming efforts that have been started during the G20 MWCE Italy Presidency in 2021.

“The Conference brought together Ministers responsible for women empowerment and gender equality from G20 member countries and guest countries, delegations from relevant international organisations as well as representatives from official G20 engagement groups, social partners and alliance. Recommendations from Women20 and G20 Empower Initiative, have also been heard and considered,” said Minister for WECP.

Minister for WECP highlighted that the G20 MCWE participants agreed to strengthen international cooperations and collaborations to exacerbate efforts of empowering women. The Minister also emphasized the important contribution of women entrepreneurs network, at the national and regional levels, in promoting active participation of women in the economy.

“According to the discussions and recommendations, the participants have expressed their supports to increase women’s participation and access to leadership positions, especially as decision makers,” the Minister for WECP stated.

The Minister for WECP further explained a number of areas that require significant investment have been identified. These include investing in high quality, inclusive, and affordable care facilities, digital technology, and MSMEs infrastructure and tools. The development of sex-disaggregated data and domestic policies are also recommended at the G20 MCWE conference.

“Last but not least, to ensure no one is left behind, participants fully support the need to focus on their policies and programs on women and girls, including those with disabilities and in rural areas,” said Minister for WECP.

At the closing session of the event, the Minister for WECP handed over “selendang“, or traditional shawl to the Minister of Women and Children Development of India which symbolically marked the handing over of the G20 Presidency on Women’s Empowerment.

G20 MCWE, Gender Equality Provides Benefits to National Economy

Bali (25/08) – The government has issued various policies and programs to support and strengthen women empowerment in various sectors, and even to to the village level. In doing so, the Government joins hands with the private sector to support Indonesian women and girls to be more independent, including reaching financial independent.

“Collaborative efforts and synergy are the strengths of the Indonesian government to achieve the target that Indonesian women must be empowered and independent. Active joint work is carried out by the government with parties outside the government such as the private sector. Several private companies have succeeded in developing policies to ensure women’s participation and decision making,” said Acting Deputy Minister for Community Participation at the Ministry of Women Empowerment and Child Protection (MoWECP) Indra Gunawan at a sharing session of Indonesia’s best practices, at the G20 Ministerial Conference on Women’s Empowerment (MCWE) Bali.

President Director & CEO, PT. Xl Axiata Dian Siswarini stated that gender equality has a big impact on economy and open opportunities for women to develop themselves.

“We are trying to create more female leaders in XL Axiata who are engaged in Information and Communications Technology. Not only building leadership with a gender perspective, we are also trying to make women’s participation in company management sustainable. We continue to strive for this as various research results have found that 50 percent of women are not interested in entering the STEM and think that this area is more suitable for men. For that we have the Sisternet program which aims to narrow the digital gender gap,” said Dian.

In the same spirit, Grab Indonesia Country Managing Director Neneng Goenadi stated that women’s empowerment is a fundamental thing that country has been striving for.

“In our company, 50 per cent of women have occupied senior managerial positions and this is a basic thing that we continue to maintain because we believe that women’s participation will provide more benefits for the company. Not only that, our retail business partners in the application, more than 61 per cent are women, small, micro and medium enterprises. We have the motto #PercayaPerempuan (Believe in Women) as women are resilient in any condition. Empowered women will contribute a positive effect on the family and society.

Meanwhile, PT Blue Bird President Commissioner Noni Purnomo explained the Kartini Blue Bird program which has several programs to increase the income of women’s groups. “In 2015 we started the Kartini BlueBird program which has several training programs to encourage women to businesses from their own homes. During the pandemic, we actively provide various trainings such as training in catering businesses, pastry bread, bag and fashion projects, online shops and also digital education. We believe that women have great potentials,” said Noni

G20 MCWE Delegates Acknowledge the Need for Gender Disaggregated Data and Multi-Stakeholder Partnerships for a Better Women’s Entrepreneurial Ecosystem

Bali (25/08) – On the second day of the G20 Ministerial Conference on Women’s Empowerment (MCWE), participants had a fruitful discussion on Women’s Entrepreneurship: Accelerating Equality, Accelerating Recovery. During this agenda, delegates from G20 member countries acknowledged several measures to be taken, including mandated gender disaggregated data, gender integration into various policies and programs, as well as multi-stakeholder partnerships to create a better women’s entrepreneurial ecosystem.

“MSMEs drive commercial opportunities, contributing to 90 per cent of businesses, 50 per cent of employment rate and 40 per cent of GDP. However, systemic inequality and discriminatory practices keep hindering women’s social and economic participation and financial inclusion,” Women’s World Banking Executive Vice President Harsha Rodrigues said.

Harsha revealed that women have been facing several gender gaps, including the gap in smartphone ownership, in which women have fewer smartphones than men, gap in digital skills, as well as the digital ID gap. As from the mobility aspect, there remain restrictions on the freedom of movement for women. From the entrepreneurial aspect, 104 countries do not prohibit the discrimination against women’s access to loans. Moreover, as many as 40 per cent of countries restrict women’s property rights, and there are still 86 countries restrict women’s economic opportunities, and only 95 countries have set equal payment for men and women for the same job.

“It is important to collect gender disaggregated data by reporting the data, making the data accessible to the public, and using them to improve financial inclusion policies and programs, as well as promoting products that meet women’s needs,” said Harsha.

She also added the need for women-centred designs to ensure the development of products and services that truly match women’s needs, utilize unsecured loans to support women entrepreneurs, increase access to loans for entrepreneurs, enhance digital financial capabilities in all products and services, and improve of business capability in loans products.

At the Conference, Head of We-Fi Secretariat World Bank Wendy Teleki expressed her appreciation to the Indonesian government who raised the theme of women entrepreneurs at the G20 Indonesia Presidency. Wendy reiterated that women entrepreneurs have been gradually playing an important role in the global economy. Unfortunately, there remains a real gender gap in business sector around the world.

“Entrepreneurship is one of the important tools for women to achieve prosperity and independently gain financial access. According to data from We-Fi, 25 per cent of women are less likely to start a business compared to men, while they shared the equal interest of owning businesses. We therefore implement several measures, including gender-disaggregated data to ensure skills and funding assistance can be targeted as well as to help regulators issue the right policies,” Wendy said.

We-Fi which was launched in 2017 in G20 Germany Presidency. In its operation, We-Fi receives assistance from 14 major donors, which is budgeted for 60 developing countries where there are vulnerable groups of women. The efforts made by We-Fi include empowering women’s groups during the pandemic, offering trainings for women entrepreneurs, especially those running small and medium businesses, promoting a sustainable business approach ecosystem, providing access to the market and renewing the mindset of women entrepreneurs. According to them, the pandemic presents a good opportunity to tap into the world market. In Vietnam, they trained farmers affected by the pandemic to grow spices, while in Nigeria they introduced new digital products to thousands of women who had no access to banks, and in Pakistan they trained 180 unpaid care tutors.

WeConnect International CEO Elizabeth Vazquez expressed several recommendations to improve women’s entrepreneurship, including (1) asking the women business owners what they need to be successful, (2) utilizing Government’s existing budget and purchasing power, (3) immediately joining hands with public procurement agencies to support women’s economic empowerment, (4) learning from the private sector, and building public-private partnerships to support gender inclusive programs, (5) utilizing domestic and global civil society organizations to support a sustainable and inclusive business ecosystem.

“Through the Ministry of Women Empowerment and Child Protection of the Republic of Indonesia at the G20 Conference, we encourage financial institutions around the world to provide more disaggregated data and encourage financial access for women entrepreneurs. We try to make women and girls an important part of our policies,” said Minister for Women and Equalities of the United Kingdom H.E. Baroness Stedman-Scott.

In addition, she revealed the importance of providing education on women empowerment, ending violence against women and managing digital access. Nowadays, digital technology is crucial to build a new business. She also revealed that collaborations between the government, civil society, and private sector could encourage women’s empowerment in many areas.

During the Conference, there were several recommendations, including mandating gender disaggregated data, compiling data on the needs of women entrepreneurs, applying appropriate loan methods, and improving women’s capacities. In addition, it is also recommended to address all issues hampering women’s entrepreneurship across the spectrum in the public and private sectors to speed up change. As for procurement, it is necessary to utilize the power of the government by involving public procurement agencies to support women’s empowerment.

“The key message in this discussion is the importance of multi-stakeholder partnerships, which includes all parties in this room, including the private sector. In addition, it is also important to develop partnerships, to utilize civil and international organizations to create a better women’s entrepreneurial ecosystem,” said Asian Development Bank Chief of Gender Equality Thematic Group Samantha Hung, who also served as a moderator at the Conference.

Deputy Health Minister Appeals for Joint-Measures to Tackle Antimicrobial Resistance

Bali, August 24, 2022 – Deputy Minister of Health of the Republic of Indonesia dr. Dante Saksono Harbuwono said there is an increasing prevalence of microbe-driven antibiotic resistance cases. Currently, 1.27 million people die each year from infections of drug-resistant pathogens.

Since the discovery of antimicrobials 70 years ago, millions of people have been spared from diseases. The potential of antibiotics to treat or prevent diseases has led to an increase in their use to the point where they are abused, obtained without a prescription, and frequently abused in humans, animals, plants, and the environment. As a result, evolving antimicrobial resistance (AMR) occurred.

“The wide-ranging impact of AMR is steadily increasing in various sectors including the economy. Experts estimate AMR can cause a decrease in global annual GDP by 3.8 percent by 2050. We must prevent this from happening and make lasting changes,” said Deputy Minister of Health Dante at the opening of the 3rd G20 HWG Side Event which raised AMR issues on Wednesday (August 24) in Bali.

AMR can make treatment difficult. As more and more diseases go untreatable, life-saving treatments become much riskier, and healthcare costs rise.

“In the spirit of strengthening the global health architecture, we must refocus our efforts to address AMR,” said Dante.

Each country can jointly restrain AMR through a number of efforts, including the application of one health approach, increasing AMR surveillance, increasing laboratory and diagnostic capacity.

Cross-cutting monitoring of antimicrobial use and consumption is critical to understanding and monitoring AMR. Sufficient data also influences decision-making at national, regional, and global levels.

In addition, it is also important to improve research and development of AMR, especially in new drugs, vaccines, therapeutics, and diagnostics (VTD), also antimicrobial diagnostic services. Moreover, more broaden measures for infection prevention and control is required.

The Deputy Minister of Health said that other efforts were made by increasing investment in research, capacity building, and technology utilization.

“AMR threatens health, the economy, and the achievement of the SDGs. To grow our global research and development capacity, we must secure sufficient and sustainable funding,” said Dante.

Dante considered that like COVID-19, AMR could potentially become a pandemic if the use of antibiotics was not regulated.  It is important to implement policies, laws, and ongoing commitments to ensure responsible access to antimicrobial use.

“We look forward to G20 member countries to strengthen sustainable AMR prevention and control measures at national and global levels. The G20 is the ideal forum to do this,” said the Deputy Minister of Health.

Meanwhile, Minister of Agriculture Syahrul Yasin Limpo said the increasing human population and rampant human activities had an effect on environmental degradation. It has had a significant impact that poses a health threat.

In this case, according to Yasin, the one health concept approach provides an option to ensure that all stakeholders from different disciplines can work together to solve this health problem.

“We must also understand that antimicrobial resistance is a serious threat to the sustainability of food security in livestock and animal health sectors,” said Minister Syahrul.

The Ministry of Agriculture together with other ministries/agencies, as well as related stakeholders have drawn up a strategic plan and roadmap in efforts to control antimicrobial resistance.

“We hope that our future steps will be stronger and more integrated in the framework of the one health cooperation,” said Syahrul.

In line with this, Minister of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries Sakti Wahyu Trenggono said antimicrobial resistance is one of the world’s biggest health challenges and has been designated as one of the 10 biggest health threats to the world community.

Antibiotics abuse is suspected as a triggering factor for the increasing incidence of antimicrobial resistance.

“The Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries will always be committed to taking an active role in efforts to prevent antimicrobial resistance,” said Wahyu.

The increasing rate of fishery products from year to year indicates the increasing level of fish consumption. As one of the world’s largest fishery producers, Indonesia is challenged to continuously strive to increase fishery production and meet demands in the fisheries sector.

“We understand that the health of fish and all fishery products can affect human health, so it is important for the community and business actors to continue to strive to increase fishery production and meet consumption needs from the fishery sector.

“We understand that the health of fish and all fishery products can affect human health, so it is important for the public and business actors to be aware and understand about this,” said Wahyu.

Wahyu said that his party will optimize the supervision and application of sanctions for violations, distribution, and use of antimicrobials that do not meet standards in the fisheries sector.

“In order to realize national health, the Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries will optimize the one-health approach through various data and information from oversight results,” said Wahyu.

G20 MCWE, Closing the Digital Gender Gap is a Crucial Issue Worth Fighting For

Bali (24/08) – Delegates attended the G20 Ministerial Conference on Women’s Empowerment (MCWE) in Nusa Dua, Bali underlined that joint effort to close the digital gender gap is crucial and important to fight for. Digital access for women running businesses can drive the country’s economic growth and provide greater opportunities for women to participate in new types of future jobs in science and technology.

Minister of Women and Child Development of the Republic of India, Smriti Zubin Irani said, the Government of India is trying to shift to the new paradigm, in which women can now become leaders, and not only the subjects of policies.

“The Prime Minister of India said that every woman has entrepreneurial qualities. As many as 81 per cent of loans ranging from 1 to 10 million rupees have been provided by the Government of India to women, 68 per cent of which have been utilized. The Government of India also facilitates and promotes women-run MSMEs to ensure that women has become the driving force of India,” said Irani.

Meanwhile, Senior Vice President of Social Impact, International Markets at the Mastercard Center for Inclusive Growth Payal Dalal said female entrepreneurs were more affected by the pandemic than men.

“During the Covid-19 pandemic that is driving digitalisation, many small businesses in India have not enjoyed the benefits of it. We conducted a study of 14,000 small businesses in India and found that only 4 per cent of women deemed themselves capable and were ready to enter the digital world. We have to act, we have to step out of the traditional model and look at all the assets, namely human resources, technology, data, and the way we can put it all together collectively. Creative and innovative ways of thinking can make a difference,” said Payal.

Attended the Conference virtually, Minister of Education, Culture and Science of the Netherlands Robbert Dijkgraaf expressed his concern about the pandemic which has posed negative impacts on women, in which their opinions and knowledge tended to be ignored and unheard. The voices of women’s groups are still under- represented in science, research, the private as well as the public sectors.

“In the absence or lack of representation and participation of women in STEM (science, technology, engineering and math) it will further widen the gender gap in the digital realm. It is important and crucial to find ways to overcome gender stereotypes that undermine the capabilities of women and girls. In this regard, the Dutch Government has made a technology pact with schools, the private sector, workers, employers and local governments to attract more women and girls to pursue careers in STEM. The future is in STEM. This all starts with the equality in obtaining inclusive education for women. Rest assured, women and girls have tremendous potentials and competence to thrive in the STEM world,” said Robbert.

Founder and Managing Director of MicroSave Consulting Graham A.N Wright who spoke at the Conference virtually, said that various countries have practiced direct benefit transfer aimed at female internet users.

“The Government of Indonesia has an Inclusive Financial Strategy program that targeted 83 million women so that they can get a better education and create a good condition for women-run small and medium enterprises (MSMEs). Indonesia also has the Family Hope Program (PKH), a program of providing conditional social assistance to underpriviledged families eligible for beneficiaries. This program increases the number of bank account openings for the beneficiaries for the first time. However, we should be prudent for its unintended consequence, in which there will be pressure from the husbands of the beneficiaries to access the funds. But one thing we should agree that there are no restrictions on women in the digital economy,” Graham said.

On the same occasion, Cambodian Minister of Women’s Affairs Ing Kantha Phavi stated that gender equality and women’s voices are important in the world recovery.

“Our greatest asset is women. However, the data shows that there is still a large gender gap, women still bear the burden of domestic work. However, the government continues to be committed to reduce the digital gender gap by presenting policies that open up opportunities for women to work and most importantly open opportunities for women to have careers in science and technology. Since 2018, the Government of Cambodia has continued to encourage women to step into the areas of science and technology,” said Ing.

Attending MCWE G20, Minister of Finance: Indonesian Government Strives to Close Gender Gap

Bali (24/08) – Minister of Finance of the Republic of Indonesia Sri Mulyani stated that the Government is striving to close the gender gap through various policies targeted at women and girls, one of which is through the ultra-micro credit for entrepreneurs as the Covid-19 pandemic has caused a scarring effect on labor market, including for women.

“Scarring effect will be a significant obstacle to achieve a strong, sustainable, equal and inclusive growth, especially for developing countries. High rate of informal employment also poses the biggest challenge for Indonesia,” said Sri at the Ministerial Conference on Women’s Empowerment (MCWE), which was held in a hybrid format, Wednesday (24/8).

Sri explained that according to data from the Central Statistics Agency, workers in the informal sector in Indonesia has increased from 55.8 per cent in 2019 to 60.5 per cent in 2020. “This has caused various economic problems and affected Indonesia’s tax revenues,” Sri added.

In addition, informal workers are generally considered vulnerable when it comes to social protection. “In Indonesia, women are more associated with informal jobs. As many as

63.8 per cent of Indonesian women have been working in the informal sector, compared to only 56.6 per cent of men in the same sector,” said Sri.

In addition, the female labor force participation rate is also still lagging behind that of men, which is 51.9 per cent compared to 83.3 per cent. “If we look at this gap, new opportunities will be lost and it will be one of the factors affected economic growth and better jobs for women,” said Sri.

Sri added that the Covid-19 pandemic has also caused other problems related to the gender gap, as the pandemic poses a greater impact on women. “During the economic crisis, the female workforce has disproportionately affected, especially for women working in the informal sector. Women have been facing additional burdens from having to work at home, especially due to the traditional gender norms of taking care the family,” said Sri.

At the Conference, President of the National Institute for Women Mexico, Nadine Flora Gasman Zylberman, appreciated the efforts of the Indonesian G20 Presidency in promoting gender equality and women’s rights. In the discussion, Nadine revealed that Mexican women also have to engage in care works more often than men, which is about 39 hours per week, compared to about 14 hours per week for men. “We have to recognize that care works have economic value to be able to provide greater equality,” said Nadine.

Senior Specialist on Gender, Equality, and Non-Discrimination at International Labor Organization (ILO) Joni Simpson revealed four policies messages to overcome gender gap, namely (1) public investments in universal childcare and long-term care generate decent jobs, supports the economy, enables women to stay in the labor force, promotes health and well- being and is gender transformative; (2) care leave policies and care services are required; (3) family-friendly policies and flexible working arrangements will support the evolving needs of workers with family responsibilities; and (4) Decent work and representation of care workers generates a virtuous cycle for quality services and upholds fundamental labor rights for care beneficiaries.

Submission of Technical Recommendations from G20 Empower and Woman20 at the G20 MCWE

Bali (24/08) – Gender equality has been an important issue at the G20 Summit. Women-20 as a G20 engagement group has been collaborating with G20 Empower Initiative to encourage the commitment of G20 member countries in women’s empowerment issues.

At the G20 Ministerial Conference on Women’s Empowerment (MCWE) which was held in Nusa Dua, Bali, Women-20 and G20 Empower Initiative had the opportunity to submit technical attachments of their respective plenary meetings to the Minister for Women Empowerment and Child Protection (WECP) Bintang Puspayoga. These two technical attachments will be submitted as a recommendation to the G20 Leaders’ Meeting at the G20 Summit.

Chair of G20 Empower Yessie D.Yoesetya stated that G20 Empower serves as a unique collaboration between the Government and the private sector. Under G20 Indonesia Presidency in 2022, G20 Empower has set 3 (three) priority issues which strengthen the results of the G20 Italy Presidency in 2021.

“Under the G20 Indonesia Presidency, we have strengthened three priority issues in the form of an Action Plan, which puts focus on: (1) Accountability for the Implementation of the G20 Empower KPIs (Key Performance Indicators), a dashboard to measure the effectiveness of women’s leadership in the private sector; (2) Skills improvement and support in a move to lure the private sector to help financing for women-run Small, Micro and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs), since women have been serving as the driving economic growth; and (3) Building Digital Resilience and Digital Skills for women running MSMEs. We utilize a network of advocates from all G20 member countries to accelerate women empowerment,” said Yessie.

At the same time, Chair of W20 Uli Silalahi explained that Women20 has set 5 (five) priority issues, namely: Equality and non-discrimination, women running MSMEs, equal health services for women, challenges for women in villages and women with disabilities. There are 7 (seven) results from the Women20 plenary in 2022.

“Women20 plenary meeting concluded 7 (seven) recommendations, namely:

(1) increasing access for women and girls to health services, land ownership and services for women with disabilities and women in villages; (2) improving infrastructure and digital access in investment and technology; (3) encouraging policies on eliminating discrimination and developing gender-disaggregated data; (4) Data transparency; (5) Monitoring the indicators of successful initiatives are on target; (6) providing education and skills to eliminate gender bias and stereotypes that affected women; (7) increasing women’s participation in labor force and reducing the salary gap between female and male employees,” said Uli.

Women20 is a G20 Engagement Group to encourage the commitment of G20 member countries in women’s issues as well as to provide policy recommendations with a gender perspective, in a move to ensure that gender mainstreaming remains an important part in the overall implementation of the G20 Summit. Meanwhile, G20 Empower is a G20 alliance that aims to accelerate the leadership and empowerment of women in the private sector. In Indonesia, the Ministry of Women Empowerment and Child Protection (MoWECP) is the “mother ministry” for G20 Empower and Women20.

Minister for WECP Opens G20 Ministerial Conference on Women’s Empowerment (G20 MCWE)

Bali (24/08) – The G20 Ministerial Conference on Women’s Empowerment (G20 MCWE) 2022 has officially opened today in Nusa Dua, Bali and will last until Thursday, August 25, 2022. The G20 MCWE was held in a hybrid format, and attended by the G20 MCWE member countries and special invitees.

Under the theme of “Recover Together, Recover Stronger to Close Gender Gap”, G20 MCWE will raise 3 (three) main issues, considering that women have experienced the most significant impact of the Covid-19 pandemic. In her opening remarks, the Minister for Women Empowerment and Child Protection, Bintang Puspayoga stated that the G20 MCWE represents Indonesia’s commitment to continue the discussion to strengthen the mainstreaming of gender equality and women empowerment, set off by the G20 MCWE Italy Presidency in 2021.

“The first Ministerial Conference on Women’s Empowerment was held last year at the G20 Presidency of Italy, and therefore the G20 Indonesia Presidency is committed to continue this very strategic event. We believe, only through global cooperation and strong commitment, we can overcome the challenges faced by women, especially in the recovery period from Covid-19 pandemic by continuing to promote gender equality and empowering women in all development sectors,” said WECP Minister, Bintang Puspayoga.

Women have been significantly affected by gender gap during the pandemic, as they are vulnerable to layoffs, lose their livelihoods, fall victim to violence, and bear the double burdens in the household. Against this backdrop, Ministry of Women Empowerment and Child Protection (MoWECP) has set three main issues for this year’s G20 MCWE.

“Indonesia has set three main strategic issues, which are relevant to the pandemic, namely (1) The economic aspects of post-Covid-19 Care, focusing on unpaid care work and missed opportunities in the labor market; (2) Closing the digital gender gap, focusing on women’s participation in the digital economy and future work; and (3) Women’s entrepreneurship, focusing on supporting women entrepreneurs in order to accelerate equality and recovery,” said Minister for WECP.

Minister for WECP is hopeful that this conference serves as a valuable platform for sharing global ideas, future trends, and best practices on gender equality and women’s empowerment issues, especially those related to the three main issues, as well as a platform for securing collective commitment and expand collaboration between all G20 member countries, special invitees, and relevant G20 stakeholders.

“Indonesia has developed and presented 6 policy notes on the areas of Education, Employment, Digital Economy, Environment and Climate Change, Energy Transition and Health. Indonesia cooperates with the G20 alliances and engagement groups and their social partners, including G20 Empower and Women20. We will all study the results of their meetings and their recommendations as outlined in their communique. We hope that the results of our

discussions can contribute to the G20 Leaders Declaration as part of our efforts and commitments to address gender equality and women’s empowerment through action-oriented policies and programs, which can be carried over to the next presidency.

The Indonesian government also pays full attention to the sustainability and development of women-led MSMEs during the pandemic as they are the most affected group during the pandemic crisis. To implement one of the mandates of the President of Indonesia, Joko Widodo, which is “to increase women’s empowerment in entrepreneurship from a gender perspective”, the Government has launched the National Strategy for Women’s Financial Inclusion in 2020. This strategy includes specific interventions for women in overcoming gender gaps and gender issues that pose systemic barriers for women to access and utilize various financial products and services. In collaboration with local governments, NGOs and the private sector, the government provides access to finance, financial literacy, digital literacy, and other related businesses, as well as digital skills, especially to young women, female heads of household, women survivors of disasters and violence, women in rural areas, and underprivileged women.

Meanwhile, the Italian Minister for Equal Opportunities and Families, Elena Bonetti in a virtual speech stated that MCWE under the Italian G20 Presidency has paved the way for full recognition of gender equality as a priority issue in the G20.

“The closing remarks at the 2021 Italian Presidency MCWE recognized the need for a global agenda to address cross-sectoral and systemic policies across different aspects of women’s lives and the need for effective national and international agreements. For this reason, I hope that the G20 Indonesian Presidency can reaffirm this commitment, as well as to strengthen a solid and comprehensive vision of international commitment to empowering women,” said Elena Bonetti.